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印媒:印度视科学为奢侈品,中印对待科学的态度截然不同
2018-02-28 10:27:27

India and China’s chalk and cheese approach to science

印度和中国对待科学的态度截然不同

Like any young scientist, Prasad Hegde had to look hard for research positions around the world after a PhD. But unlike many Indian students in the US, Hegde looked eastward to do postdoctoral research. India was not an option as there were few positions available. He chose Taiwan over the US and EU, but it did not work out. Then he moved to China, which like India did not have a tradition of post-doctoral research, but was creating such jobs in large numbers.

Hegde spent two years in Wuhan, studying exotic states of matter created by collisions of atomic nuclei, before returning to India and a job at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru. Hegde’s stint in China gave him insights into Chinese science and state of mind, the Chinese work culture and attitudes towards research. At least in his field of heavy ion physics, India had more scientists than China. “This kind of science was new to them,” he says. But China was creating new fields of science and large research teams. The labs had plenty of money and were more flexible in hiring. “They like to do things in large scale and they do things fast,” says Hedge, who is now an assistant professor at the Centre for High Energy Physics at IISc.

Over the last four decades, China has been developing the country at a frenetic pace. As it built its bridges and dams, its coal plants and rockets, the country also invested heavily in science and engineering research. Senior Chinese political leaders, most of whom had their basic education in science or engineering, trusted the power of science to transform the country’s economy and society.

…..

Unlike in India, it is easy for a foreigner to move and establish a lab in China. Ralf Jauch, a structural biologist from the Max Plank Institute in Germany, found this when he moved to the Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health in 2013. Jauch now has academic freedom, not to speak of good funding and a generous supply of foreign students. But what surprised him was the attitude of the provincial government.

Despite his institute being part of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the provincial government and the city of Guangzhou have invested in it. “I think this model of investment is unique to China,” says Jauch.

以下是环球网的编译:http://oversea.huanqiu.com/article/2016-07/9181722.html

和很多年轻科学家一样,赫格德必须在读完博士后努力在全世界找工作。不过,与其他印度留美学生不同,赫格德来到中国做博士后研究。那里和印度一样,以前并没有博士后研究的传统,但现在这样的职位比比皆是。

赫格德在武汉待了两年,这段工作经历令他洞悉中国的科学、心境、工作文化以及研究态度。虽然在他研究的重离子物理领域,印度科学家比中国多,但中国正在开创新的科研领域和大型研究团队。实验室资金充裕,在用人上更加灵活。

过去40多年,中国一直在飞速发展,与此同时,他们在科技和工程研究方面投资巨大。中国领导人多数是理工科出身,相信科学改变国家经济和社会的能力。“中国在战略技术方面的主导地位是通过规划实现的,并非碰运气。”印度国家高级研究所名誉教授拉马穆尔蒂说。印度没有这类规划。实际上,在经济发展过程中,印度政治人物视科学为奢侈品,而不是增长引擎。

和在印度不一样,外国科学家很容易在中国建立实验室。结构生物学家拉尔夫

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